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Photo Series: Jemez Springs, NM

February 16, 2010

Taking a brief break from the Generational histories, I’d like to share some fantastic current shots of Jemez Springs I came across this weekend. I’m sure many of my readers will enjoy them, and I would just like to thank the photographer, Julie Murphy (aka ravengirl1220), for generously letting me share them here.

The Adams family established roots in this little town when John Milton Shields, a medical missionary, came to establish the 1st Presbyterian Church in 1880, which still stands today. His daughter, Helen Belle Shields, was born at the Jemez Indian Pueblo (where she was postmistress for a time) and was fluent in the Spanish and Tewa languages.

ravengirl1220_4
1st Presbyterian Church
by Julie Murphy

Helen married John Amos Adams 16 July 1914  in Albuquerque, Bernalillo, NM. The family briefly relocated to Haverhill, Massachusetts in 1918, where my grandfather was born, but returned to the Southwest shortly after in 1919.

John Amos Adams retired from the Forest Service in 1946 after a career spanning 37 years, after which he devoted the years up to his death to an active interest in the Jemez Mountains of New Mexico. They owned the historic Adams house in Jemez Springs until his death in 1968.

ravengirl1220_1
1st Presbyterian Church
by Julie Murphy

John Milton Shields, along with his second and third wives and several children; as well as John Amos and Helen Belle Adams are all buried in the 1st Presbyterian cemetery in Jemez Springs.

ravengirl1220_2
Los Ojos Saloon
by Julie Murphy

I remember the stories my mother told of spending summers there with her siblings and cousins, living at the Adams House and running around town setting off fireworks, jumping off the Soda Dam and playing in the Indian Ruins (before they ever were recognized as landmarks).

ravengirl1220_5
Los Ojos Saloon
by Julie Murphy

ravengirl1220_3
The Laughing Lizard Cafe
by Julie Murphy

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Soda Dam
by Julie Murphy

Growing up, my siblings and I spent many Easters, 4th of Julys and regular summer days in the Springs. We attended services and baptisms before the church was renovated and visited the graveyard when it seemed far too cold for flowers and skirts.

ravengirl1220_7
Battleship Rock
by Julie Murphy

I never appreciated it then like I do now – and living 1400 miles away, I don’t know when I’ll get to go back. It’s been more than twelve years since my last visit, and I really, really miss it.

Our dear Church is mentioned in the Jemez Village History here

Descendants of Robert Adams: Generation 2

February 8, 2010

SERGEANT ABRAHAM16 ADAMS (ROBERT15, ROBERT14, RICHARD13, JOHN12, JOHN11, JOHN10, THOMAS9, ROGER8, JOHN AP7, JOHN AP6, THOMAS AP5, JOHN AP4, WILLIAM AP3, JOHN AP2, JOHN AP1) was born 1639 in Salem, Essex, MA, and died 14 August 1714 in Newbury, Essex, MA. He married MARY PETTINGELL 10 November 1670 in Newbury, MA; daughter of RICHARD PETTINGELL and JOANNA INGERSOLL. She was born 06 July 1652, and died September 1705 in Newbury, Essex, MA.

Notes for Sergeant Abraham Adams:
He was a corporal in the militia, 1685-1693, and became Sergeant in 1703. A member of the Congregational Church at Newbury, MA. He was made a freeman[1], 9 January 1673/74.

MILITARY[2]
Soon after Sergeant Abrahams’ death, viz: on the 17th day of September 1714, in the 18th year of Her Majesty’s reign (Queen Anne), the children entered into and made the following agreement specifying what each child should have of their father’s estate. Sarah was given £80 and as money out of movable part, about £40 in full. It was signed by Robert, Abraham, Isaac, John, Matthew, Israel and Richard Adams and Mary Thurlow, Sarah Adams and Dorothy Adams. Abraham was a soldier in King Phillip’s War. On page 414 of the book, “Soldiers in King Phillips War” by Geo. M. Bodge, he is listed as a claimant of land given Veterans of KPW. Land given was in township No. 1, now the town of Buxton, Maine.

DEATH: Page 533, Vital Records of Newbury, MA.

Notes for Mary Pettingell:
FATHER: See Vital Records of Newbury, MA to 1850

Children of Abraham Adams and Mary Pettingell are:

i. Mary17 Adams, b. 16 January 1671/72, Newbury, Essex, MA; m. George Thurlow, 1695; b. 12 March 1669/70; d. 17 January 1713/14.

Notes for George Thurlow:
His name is also spelled ‘Thorly’.

ii. Robert Adams, b. 12 May 1674, Newbury, Essex, MA; D. 08 February 1769, Newbury, Essex, MA; m. Rebecca Knight, August 1695; b. 27 April 1674; d. 03 February 1769.

Notes for Robert Adams[3]:
Robert Adams was a yeoman, residence Newbury, near Newburyport. His will, made 1 October 1765, was proved 25 August 1769. In it, he mentions his son, John, as unmarried; his granddaughter, Sarah, wife of Nathaniel Atkinson; his daughter, Mary Merrill; granddaughter, Mary Creasy; grandsons, Jacob and Zebulon, and sons Abraham and Robert. Residence: Long-Barn Farm, so-called, Newbury, MA.

iii. Captain Abraham Adams, b. 02 May 1676, Newbury, Essex, MA; d. 08 April 1763, Byfield, Essex, MA; m. Anne Longfellow, December 1703; b. abt. 1684; d. 24 September 1758.
iv. Isaac Adams, b. 26 February 1678/79, Newbury, Essex, MA; d. 03 September 1775, Boxford, MA.
v. Sarah Adams, b. 15 April 1681, Newbury, Essex, MA; d. 22 March 1734/35, Andover, Essex, MA.
vi. John Adams, b. 07 March 1683/84, Newbury, Essex, MA; d. 08 May 1750, Rowley, MA; m. (1) Elizabeth Noyes, 22 January 1706/07; d. 23 December 1708; m. (2) Sarah Pearson, 17 November 1713; d. 10 December 1754.

Notes for John Adams[4]:
Married (1st) 22 January 1707, Elizabeth Noyes; she died childless, 23 December 1708. Married (2nd) 17 November 1713, Sarah Pearson; she died 10 December 1754/56. He was a farmer; resided in Rowley (now Georgetown), MA on the north side of Pentucket Pond. His will was made 25 December 1746 and mentions wife Sarah; daughter, Sara Hazen; daughter, Elizabeth Hardy and children; Hannah and John.

vii. Dr. Matthew Adams, B. 25 May 1686, Newbury, Essex, MA; d. 15 November 1755; m. Sarah Knight, 04 April 1707; b. 25 February 1678/79; d. 29 October 1778.

Notes for Dr. Matthew Adams:
Dr. Matthew was said to have been at first a cordwainer (shoemaker), then a farmer in Byfield parish and to have been the first practicing physician in W. Newbury after 1726. His will was made 03 August 1753 and proved 08 December 1755.

Notes for Sarah Knight:
Sarah was probably the daughter of John and Rebecca (Noyes) Knight.

viii. Israel Adams, b. 25 December 1688, Newbury, Essex, MA; d. 12 December 1714, Waltham, Essex, MA; m. Rebecca Atkinson, 15 October 1714.
ix. Dorothy Adams, b. 25 October 1691, Newbury, Essex, MA.

Notes for Dorothy Adams:
She was unmarried in 1715.

x. Richard Adams, b. 22 November 1693, Newbury, Essex, MA; d. 02 November 1778, Newburyport, Essex, MA; m. Susanna Pike, 12 December 1717; b. 03 April 1697; d. 17 October 1754.

Notes for Richard Adams:
He was a husbandman in Newbury and Newburyport. Died at the age of 84 years. His will was made 02 August 1770, proved 02 November 1778. He names his daughter, Mary; grandson, Nathaniel, son of Enoch; granddaughter, Hannah, the daughter of Daniel, late of Newburyport; and sons John, Moses, Richard and Edmund.


[1] A freeman was a member of the body politic and as such was entitled to exercise the right of suffrage and to hold office. Freemen were admitted by the General Court of the Colony, and as early as 1631, it was required that they produce evidence of being a member of the Congregational Church. This regulation was modified in 1664.

[2] Page 4, A Genealogical History of Robert Adams of Newbury, Massachussetts.

[3] Page 7, A Genealogical History of Robert Adams of Newbury, Massachussetts.

[4] Page 7, A Genealogical History of Robert Adams of Newbury, Massachussetts.

Descendants of Robert Adams: Generation 1

January 25, 2010

ROBERT15 ADAMS (ROBERT14, RICHARD13, JOHN12, JOHN11, JOHN10, THOMAS9, ROGER8, JOHN AP7, JOHN AP6, THOMAS AP5, JOHN AP4, WILLIAM AP3, JOHN AP2, JOHN AP1) was born 10 October 1602 in Attery, St. Mary, Devonshire, England and died 12 October 1682 in Newbury, Essex, MA. He married ELEANOR WILMOT in England. She was born about 1610 in Devonshire, England and died 12 June 1677 in Newbury, Essex, MA.

Notes for Robert Adams:
Robert Adams was the son of Robert and Elizabeth (Sharlon); son of Richard and Margaret (Armager); son of Nicholas (or John) and Margaret. This Robert claimed to be 16th in line from John Ap Adam who came out of the marshes of Wales and married Elizabeth, daughter of John, Lord Gurney of Sedinham and Boyleston in Glouster and was called to Parliament as Lord of the Realm from 1296-1307 and had arms granted him.[1]

EMIGRATION[2]
In the list of emigrants coming from England in the ship Fortune, is listed Robert Adams, coming from Attery, St. Mary, Devonshire to Salem, MA. The ancestry of Robert Adams is given as follows: Born in England, Robert Adams came first to Ipswich, Massachusetts Bay in 1635, bringing with him his wife Eleanor (Wilmot) and his first two children. His first wife, Eleanor, died 12 June 1677 in Newbury, MA. His second wife, Sara (Glover) Short, widow, died in Newbury, MA 24 October 1697. He was a farmer with many estates in the area. The book, “Robert Adams of Newbury, MA” claims he was a tailor by trade (which is disputed). According to another article, Robert came to America a rich man who invested in property and was never a tailor. Resided in Ipswich 1635, Salem 1638-39, and removed to Newbury in 1640 where he acquired a large farm and valuable property. He died 12 October 1682 aged 81 years. His will was probated 27 November 1682.

He is believed to come from Devonshire and to have been a son of Robert and Elizabeth Sharlon (Sharland), connected to the Ap Adam pedigree and through that connection to have been a cousin of Henry Adams of Braintree (Quincy), MA – the ancestor of the American Presidents, John and John Quincy Adams.

He was a member of the 1st Congregational Church.

Children of Robert Adams and Eleanor Wilmot are:

i. John16 Adams, b. 1632, England; d. 1703; m. Sarah Woodman
  Notes for John Adams:
He appeared to have been living in 1680 when his father’s will was made[3], and yet is passed over with a simple bequest of 20£, no wife or children being alluded to. Records show that he was married to Sarah Woodman.
ii. Johanna Adams, b. 1634, England; d. abt. 1701, Suffield, CT; m. Launcelot Granger, 04 January 1653/54; b. England; d. 03 September 1689, Suffield, CT.
  Notes for Johanna Adams:
Moved to Suffield, Connecticut
iii. Sergeant Abraham Adams, b. 1639, Salem, Essex, MA; d. 14 August 1714, Newbury, Essex, MA
iv. (3rd) Robert Adams, b. abt. 1640, Newbury, Essex, MA
v. Elizabeth Adams, B. 1642, Newbury, Essex, MA; d. 04 May 1681, Lancaster, Worcester, MA; m. Edward Phelps, before 1681.
  Notes for Elizabeth Adams:
Removed to Andover, MA

Notes for Edward Phelps:
He is listed as “of Andover”

vi. Mary Adams, b. 1644, Newbury, Essex, MA; m. Jeremiah Goodrich, 15 November 1660.
vii. Isaac Adams, b. 26 February 1646/47, Newbury, Essex, MA; d. after 1680.
  Notes for Isaac Adams:
Unmarried. Page 5, A Genealogical History of Robert Adams.
viii. Jacob Adams, b. 23 April 1649, Newbury, Essex, MA; d. 12 August 1649, Newbury, Essex, MA.
ix. Hannah Adams, b. 25 June 1650, Newbury, Essex, MA; m. William Warham, 10 February 1681/82.
  Notes for Hannah Adams:
Page 5, A Genealogical History of Robert Adams of Newbury, MA
x. Jacob Adams, b. 13 April 1651, Newbury, Essex, MA; d. November 1717, Boston, MA; m. Anna Allen, 07 April 1677; b. 03 January 1657/58, Dorchester, MA.
  Notes for Jacob Adams:
He removed about 1681/82 to Suffield (now Connecticut) where he was one of the most prominent and influential of the early settlers. He was often chosen to important offices, was a member of the General Court of the colony, then held in Boston 1711-1714 and again in 1717. He died in Boston, suddenly while in attendance upon his duties as a member of the General Court from Suffield. He acquired a large property and was greatly esteemed. His will, dated 20 November 1717, is recorded both in Boston and at North Hampton, which was the county seat of Hampshire County – to which Suffield then belonged.
  BIRTH-MARRIAGE-DEATH: Page 5, A Genealogical History of Robert Adams of Newbury, MA
BIRTH-MARRIAGE-DEATH: Adams Genealogy by Lydia Adams-Williams, Layton, Davis County, Utah.
  Notes for Anna Allen:
Anna Allen was of Dorchester, MA.

[1] Boston Transcript, 20 January 1909 – #377

[2] Bank’s Topographical Dictionary of 2885 English Emigrants to New England 1620-1650 by Chas. Ed. Banks 1957 p. 24

[3] Page 4, A Genealogical History of Robert Adams of Newbury, Massachusetts

Ancestry of Elizabeth de Gournai

January 18, 2010

The ancestry of Elizabeth de Gournai is very interesting and is included here purely for historical interest:

Pepin of Landen born before the year 608. He had:

Grimold, he had:

Pepin of Heristal, he had:

Charles Martel, King of France…A.D. 69 (8). He had:

Pepin the Short, died A.D. 768. He had:

Charlemagne, Emperor of the West, was born 2 April 742 at Aix-le-Chappelle. He died in the year 814. His son was Louis I, known as Louis the Pious, King of France.

Louis I (The Pious), King of France. He had:

Charles II (The Bald), King of France. His daughter, Judith, married Count Baldwin I (of the Iron Arm). They had:

Baldwin II, Count of Flanders. They had:

Arnolph the Great, Count of Flanders. He had:

Baldwin III, Count of Flanders. He had:

Arnolph III, Fifth Count of Flanders. He had:

Baldwin IV, Sixth Count of Flanders. He had:

Baldwin V, Seventh Count of Flanders, married Princess Adela, daughter of King Robert the Pious, son of Hugh Capet, King of France. They had daughter, Matilda, who married William the Conqueror of England and seventh Duke of Normandy in A.D. 1053. Queen Matilda was also descended from Alfred the Great and father of William who was first cousin of Edward the Confessor. Their daughter was:

Princess Gundred, who married William de Warren, created Earl of Surrey. He was a Norman Baron of Danish descent who accompanied William the Conqueror on his expedition to England and took and important part in the Battle of Hastings, fought 14 October 1066. For his valor that day, he was rewarded with lands in Sussex, Surrey, Norfolk and Suffolk. He married the above princess, who was the fourth daughter of William the Conqueror and Matilda, and became the progenitor of the Earl of Warren and Surrey. At Lewis, near Newhaven, he was buried and here “The Great Earl” and Princess Gundred founded a “glorious Priory to the Glory of God.” They had:

Edith de Warren, who married Gerard, Baron de Gournai. He was the son of Hugh de Gournai and Basilia, daughter of Gerard Flaital and sister of William, bishop of Evreaux. He, with his father, fought in the battles of Mortimer and Hastings. His father became a monk in the Benedictine Abbey of (Rec…). Gerard de Gournai died in Palestine in 1096. Their son was:

Hugh, Baron de Gournai, who married Lady Julia Dumpmartin, sister of Reginald, Count de Boulogne. He lost his Norman estates through political troubles and took refuge in England. He is buried in Langley Abbey, Norfolk. He was Lord of Beverston. He had:

Anselm de Gournai, Lord of Beverston. He had:

Robert de Gournai, Lord of Beverston. He had:

Anselm de Gournai, Lord of Beverston. He had:

John de Gournai, Lord of Beverston, who married Lady Olivia, daughter of Henry Lovel, Baron of C…Cary. They had:

Elizabeth de Gournai, who married John Ap Adam.

Ancestry of Robert Adams

January 14, 2010

This is the ancestry of Robert Adams of Newbury according to the Essex Antiquarian and a Xeroxed article* which appears to be taken from a library as it has a call number of ADAMS, 4432.152. It could possibly be a National Archives call number. The author is Mrs. Lydia Adams-Williams of Washington, D.C.  She claims it is a true and authentic history of the Adams family.

1. Sir John Ap Adam of Beaverston and Tidenham. Lord Ap Adam, by writ, who was led to Parliament by Edward, Baron of the Realm, 1296-1307. He came out of the marches or borders of Wales into Devonshire. Lords of the Marches were noblemen who in the early days in (has)led and secured the Marches of Wales and Scotland, ruling as independent Kings with their private laws.
  Married Elizabeth de Gournai who was related to all the ruling houses of Europe.
  Sir John Ap Adam’s estates were large, not only in his own right, but he received valuable estates from his wife. Their stories are found in many books on (Heraldry) and peerages. He was engaged in the Scottish wars. There remains to this day a beautiful stained glass window in his memory in the Church in Tidenham, with his name, coat-of-arms and the date in the upper part. His coat-of-arms is ducal coronet, a demi. This means that on a silver background was a red cross which extended from the top to the bottom and each side, and on this cross were 5 golden stars. The crest as given in…Chaim’s Crests was the head and principal part of the body of a lion…pant guardant, that is, erect and right paw raised and full faced…the upper part of a Gothic window in Tidenham Church, near Chebstow, the name of Lord Ap Adam, 1318, and “arms argent on a cross, gules, fuve mullets Or” are still to be found, beautifully executed in stained glass of great thickness and in perfect preservation. This church, still in a good state of preservation originally stood within the boundary of Wales, but at a later period the boundary line was changed, and it now stands on English soil.
  Children of Sir John Ap Adam and Elizabeth de Gournai were:
  a. Sir Thomas Ap Adam who married and had issue
b. Sir John (2) Ap Adam
c. William Ap Adam who married and had issue
d. Sir Roger Ap Adam of Lancashire
2. Sir John Ap Adam, Knight (and heir to his father) Son:
3. William Ap Adam (married and had issue) Son:
4. Sir John Ap Adam (married and had issue) Son:
5. Thomas Ap Adam (Sir, Knight) who married Lady Jane Inge, daughter and heiress of Sir John Inge. Son:
6. Sir John Ap Adam, Knight, who married Lady Millicent, daughter of Sir Mathew Bessylls, Knight Son:
7. Sir John Ap Adam, name changed to Adams, (the prefix “ap” dropped and “s” added instead) married Clara, daughter and co-heir of Roger Powell. Son:
8. Roger Adams married Jane, daughter of Mr. Elliot. Son:
9. Thomas Adams married Maria, daughter of Mr. Upton. Son:
10. John Adams married Jane Benneleigh (Renneigh) Son:
11. John Adams married Catherine, daughter of Mr. Stebbing. Children:
  a. Nicholas who married and had issue:
b. John
c. George who married and had issue:
12. John Adams who married Margaret, daughter and heiress of Mr. Squier
13. Richard Adams (b- Abt 1530) married Margaret Armager. This Richard had two sons, Robert and William. William married _____ Barrington and had two children, Sir Thomas and Henry, who came to New England in 1634 and settled in Braintree, becoming the ancestors of the Presidents.
14. Robert Adams married Elizabeth Shirland (Sharlon)
15. Robert Adams married Eleanor Wilmot and came to New England and settled in Ipswich in 1635, Salem 1638-9, and removed to Newbury in 1640.

The important facts and all dates in the above outline are taken from printed works. Much information was derived from Henry Wittemore’s book, published by William McDonald, NY 1893. The Book of Dignities, compiled by Joseph Hayden; and Maitland’s History of London, London, 1756.

Following is an abstract of the will of Robert Adams, Emigrant of Newbury and cousin of Henry Adams, ancestor of the Presidents, as extracted from the Essex Antiquarian, Vol. II, No. 2, dated Salem, MA, February 1898:

To be buried according to the disposing of executors. Loving wife Sarah** confirmed in the agreement I made with her before marriage and having allowed her the annuity belonging to her by the will of her former husband which she had reserved to her own proper use, I do allow it to her and her right not to be questioned; also I give her my great chest and the highest chair in the room wherein we live, both of which she is to restore again at her death, or if she shall marry again, also all the money I leave, and not to be accountable to any [one] to live and dwell in the house, enjoying the parlor for one year. To eldest son, John Adams (beside what has been give him). L29 to be paid by executor within 12 months. To son Isaac Adams, L5 by the year [b]ring life in good merchantable pay, [my] English corn, pork, and beef and such be also my wearing clothes and the…in the north garret and all the furniture belonging to it, and the…brass pot and pot hooks an…rty to make use of said garret during life, unless he marry, then he shall leave it. To son Jacob Adams, the house he lives in and the land adjoining to it as now fenced in, also all the meadow in the neck on the south side of Newbury River. To daughter Hannah Adams, L29 within a year. To Hannah and her child, the bed and furniture to it in the parlor and the larger brass pot, and the chest and the chair which is formerly mentioned when returned…to have said legacy when full 18 years of age or to be married. To daughter Elizabeth, wife of Edward Phelps, one cow. To daughter Joanna, wife of Lancelot Granger, one cow. To daughter Mary, wife of Jeremiah Goodrich, one cow. To the three sons of my son Abraham, viz., Robert, Abraham and Isaac, each a…, and to the two elder, a sword, all the rest of effects to son Abraham…ns. lands after his death to go the to the oldest son, Robert, also the great kettle, tables, a…s [andirons] and spit…[…] him and his son Robert to…executors of will. Son Abraham will have full power to act alone as…[he sees fit?] till his son Robert be of age…hought [appoint?] Robert Adams my heir after his father. Mary, wife of son Abraham, not to be debarred any…if left a widow. Further to…drawer my pewter…and pewter bowl; to Mary, daughter…n [of son?] Abraham, my box with…y and six diaper napkins. Robert, son of Abraham, came into assession by reversion of my lands, a small five to either of his two brothers now in being, viz: Abraham…Isaac, L20 apiece. Loving friends, Mr. John Woodbridge and Mr. Nicholas Noyes, both of Newbury, to be overseers of this my will and I give them two of the best wet…to either of them,…ne

Signed and dated the 7th of March 1688,

Robert Adams

*A copy of this article is in possession of Gareldine A. Adams
**Robert’s second wife, Sarah (Glover) Short

The Adams Coat of Arms

January 11, 2010

The Adams family Coat of Arms has been prominently displayed for several generations. Although little is known of the origin of these particular Arms, a search of Heraldry records (Encyclopedia of Heraldry by John B. Burke) cites descriptions of the Coats of Arms shown below.

These are Arms granted to persons in the area of England from which the Adams ancestors came. Although no attempt is made to establish or prove related ancestry, the Arms are included for general interest and information.

The following descriptions are given*:

coa_ga_00 ADAMS
(the accepted family Arms)
Gules, a bend Or between two Bysants, three Martlets sable.

Motto: Aspire, Persevere and Indulge Not

coa_ga_00_3 ADAMS
(Middle Temple 1639)
Sable, a bend Or between two Bysants, three Martlets of the field. Crest – on a Bysant a demi-eagle sable.
coa_ga_00_1 ADAMS
(Brompton, County Kent, descended from the Admas of Devonshire)
Or, a lion rampant** between eights crosses, crosslet fitches sable, all with a bordure engrailed azure.

Motto: Aspire, Persevere and Indulge Not

coa_ga_00_2 ADAMS
(Borne by Edward Hamlyn Adams of Middleton Hall, County Carmarthen, Esquire, Member of Parliament for that County. According to the American Heraldry Society, it is also the purported Arms of Henry Adams of Braintree.)
Argent of a Cross Gules, five Molets Or, Crest – out of a ducal coronet Or, a demi-lion affrontee gule.

Motto: Aspire, Persevere and Indulge Not

Those desiring to reproduce these Coat of Arms should be guided by basic rules of Heraldry:

  1. The Bysant represents gold coin and is always shown as gold
  2. The Torse represents two skeins of twisted silk, one tinctured as the principal metal, the other as the principal color of the Arms. The torse is used to anchor the mantling to the helmet.
  3. The Mantle is a cloth worn over the helmet as protection from the sun. It repeats the principal color of the Arms; the lining repeats the color of the principal metal.
  4. Color should not be laid on color nor metal on metal
  5. The Helmet of Esquires is always shown in profile, of steel, with the visor closed

Selected Heraldic Terms

Azure = blue
Affronté = (of animals) turned to face fully out of the shield. Not the same as guardant.
Argent = silver, often shown white
Bend = an ordinary, a diagonal band across the shield (top left/bottom right as viewed). Its diminutive is a bendlet or a cotise if it is really narrow. A bend cotised is bordered on either side by a narrow cotise.
Bezant = a gold roundle
Bordure = a band of contrasting tincture forming a border around the edge of a shield, traditionally one-sixth as wide as the shield itself
Cross crosslet = a cross with each of its arms crossed at the ends; rarely occur singly, often fitchy, i.e. with a pointed foot
Engrailed = a dividing line with semi-circular bites taken out from the field side, cf. invected
Fitch (or cross fitchy) = a cross in heraldry where the lower part is shaped like a sword blade
Gules = red
Guardant = animal, usually lion, with its head turned to look straight out of the shield, but its body remaining in profile
Molet, Mullet = 5-pointed star; sometimes shown pierced so that a small circle of the field colour shows through in the middle. cf. estoile
Rampant = depicted in profile standing erect with forepaws raised. The position of the hind legs varies according to local custom: the lion may stand on both hind legs, braced wide apart, or on only one, with the other also raised to strike.
Sable = black


*discolorations appear to be a printer’s error in the author’s copy of “the Adams Family: Ancestors & Descendants of Frederick Shields Adams”, copyright 2000. They are shown here without correction in order to distinguish areas of color (black & white renders some shades indistinguishable).

**according to heraldic references found by this author, the lion in this illustration is incorrectly shown in the affronte’ position.

Welcome GeneaBlogger & New Friends!

January 10, 2010

Yesterday, AP&I was mentioned in GeneaBlogger’s weekly feature  and has been added to its list of 833 of genealogy blogs! As a result, I received the most site traffic since I started this blog a month and a half ago, and if that wasn’t exciting enough, I was able to help someone I’ve never met.

Becky Jamison in Colorado is an avid GeneaBlogger reader and researcher of the Richard Bartlett family lineage. She wrote a wonderful post about finding AP&I through the GeneaBlogger feature, and the photos I posted of the First Settler’s Monument which lists his name.

The community I’m beginning to discover through genealogy is an amazing world of interesting, seemingly random connections and a whole lot of selfless sharing. I remember Garry talking of her research friends & family all around the world, but I never thought I’d get to experience it for myself. What an unexpected treasure!

So much thanks to Thomas MacEntee at GeneaBlogger for bringing me into the fold, Becky Jamison at Grace & Glory for her very kind recommendation, and all my new visitors for coming to see me. I’m looking forward to getting to know you all!

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